Personnel Index - Detail
15/16 August, 1943; MILAN:
A force of 199 Lancasters made a concentrated attack on a now exhausted Milan, but this time as the crews returned across France the German fighters were waiting. Seven Lancasters failed to return home. 49 Squadron had dispatched 8 aircraft of which one failed to return: It is believed that P/O Leslie Gospel and crew were hit by flak on their homeward leg. The Lancaster crashed near Rugles in France, at 02.45hrs. Two of the crew survived and both managed to escape back to England. Tragically one of them, Sgt Philo, was later killed on ops (03/04/45).
The remainder are buried at Cheronvilliers, France.
Lancaster LM337 (EA-V)
P/O L.W. Gospel Pilot (Killed)
Sgt R. James F/E (Killed)
Sgt C. Witheridge RCAF NAV (Evader)
Sgt H. Hedge W/AG (Killed)
F/S C.W. Taylor RAAF A/G (Killed)
Sgt S.J. Philo B/A (Evader)
Sgt A.E. Huntingford A/G (Killed)
Crew on their 4th operation
Details courtesy of Steve Holmes (Historian 196 Squadron Association)
Research by Colin Cripps:
Shot down by combination of Uffz Albrecht Kreuzer 2./JG2 and by light Flak.
Further information received from Harald Kreuzer (nephew of Albert):
Albert was an Unteroffizier and flying in the second Staffel of the Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen" (2./JG 2)
He was killed on May 11th by an US P-47 fighter pilot named Robert McIntosh.
(Harald's family only knew that he did not return from a combat flight against more than 50 US P-47 air-planes)
Uffz Albert Kreuzer's plane disintegrated in the air and he has no known grave.
The section from Albert's logbook (click this link for a larger image.......opens in a new window)
The flight, No:25 shows the pilot's name, aircraft type and number, reason for the flight (night combat) and the details of the departure (airfield and times).
His notes mistakenly identify the bomber as a Halifax but states that he shot down the bomber near Cheronvilliers (4km ENE of L'Aigle).
Albert Kreuzer in full uniform with badges and medals.
These are (from top to bottom):
"Frontflugspange für Jäger", which he received after 20 combat flights.
"Eiserne Kreuz erster Klasse".
The flying eagle inside a wreath.......the sign of a pilot.
On the second button hole you can see a triangle shaped ribbon, which indicates the "Eiserne Kreuz zweiter Klasse".
The dagger was part of the pilot's uniform.
A different photograph of Albert with his mother.
This perfectly illustrates Harald's final comment concerning his family research.........."It will help me to demonstrate that human beings were involved in this cruel struggle".
All images courtesy of Harald Kreuzer.
Tragically, Sgt Philo was killed on the 3rd April 1945 whilst flying with 196Sqn.
Stirling LK193 ZO-V
Pilot: F/O Neville Carroll
F/Eng: F/Sgt Arthur Owen Bennett
Nav: W/O Gilbert Hughes
A/B: W/O Stanley James Verse Philo
W/OP: W/O Jack Grain
A/G: F/Sgt Reginald Ernest Marshall
He is buried in the CWGC in Cambridge.
Images courtesy of Colin Cripps (Researcher, 49 Sqn Association)
Additional details from 49 Squadron Association President, John Ward:
Stirling LK193 of 196 Sqn piloted by Pilot F/O Neville Carroll RAAF crashed on the night of 2/3 April 1945.
The aircraft took off from Shepherds Grove at 22:30 hrs.
The Stirling was heading for an SOE operation (Table Jam to Denmark) carrying 24 containers & 4 panniers.
It crashed on the coast of Sheringham at 22:50hrs when it suddenly dived into the sea from 200ft.
All of the crew were killed with one exception and he died on 02/06/44 from injuries suffered in the crash.
One witness said he and his new wife were taking a stroll on the beach, when they saw the Stirling heading towards the beach.
He estimated that it was only a 100 metres in altitude, then all of sudden it exploded and crashed.
Little is known of the cause of the crash but the nature of the operation meant the Stirling had "All Up Weight" of 71,000lb and it is thought this contributed to the lack of height and eventual crash.